|Title||Robust regression for optimal individualized treatment rules.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Xiao, W, H H. Zhang, and W Lu|
|Date Published||2019 May 20|
|Keywords||Algorithms, Clinical Protocols, Humans, Models, Statistical, Precision Medicine, Regression Analysis|
Because different patients may respond quite differently to the same drug or treatment, there is an increasing interest in discovering individualized treatment rules. In particular, there is an emerging need to find optimal individualized treatment rules, which would lead to the "best" clinical outcome. In this paper, we propose a new class of loss functions and estimators based on robust regression to estimate the optimal individualized treatment rules. Compared to existing estimation methods in the literature, the new estimators are novel and advantageous in the following aspects. First, they are robust against skewed, heterogeneous, heavy-tailed errors or outliers in data. Second, they are robust against a misspecification of the baseline function. Third, under some general situations, the new estimator coupled with the pinball loss approximately maximizes the outcome's conditional quantile instead of the conditional mean, which leads to a more robust optimal individualized treatment rule than the traditional mean-based estimators. Consistency and asymptotic normality of the proposed estimators are established. Their empirical performance is demonstrated via extensive simulation studies and an analysis of an AIDS data set.
|Alternate Journal||Stat Med|
|Original Publication||Robust regression for optimal individualized treatment rules.|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC6449186|
|Grant List||P01 CA142538 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States|
Robust regression for optimal individualized treatment rules.